Bible-teaching Ministry and Replacement Theology
by Zola Levitt
This is the first Levitt Letter I’ve ever begun with an apology. In a way, I’m sorry for having to do what we’re doing, which is taking up valuable ministry space to grapple with seminaries over a bad textbook. There is so much other teaching and ministering we could do with this very useful Letter, which goes out nationally. But it’s hard to think of anything else when I know that a generation of young people, future pastors, etc., has been taught wrong regarding Israel, prophecy, the veracity of Scripture itself, and even the deity of our Lord.
I won’t take space to redefine this subject again, assuming that most of you have been reading this Letter right along. I’ll just say that a textbook, A Survey of The New Testament, third edition, written by Robert H. Gundry, teaches Replacement Theology and is anti-Israel and anti-Semitic, and we have found it in use in any number of seminaries and Bible colleges, including Criswell College and Dallas Baptist University here in Dallas.
When I pointed out the errors in the textbook to administrators in these colleges, they simply rebuffed me, made awkward defenses of the book, and evidently intend to go on using it. They just circled the wagons.
In a way, nothing could be more important for any Bible-teaching ministry than to attempt to stop this sort of wrong doctrine from getting into our seminaries. I have to tell you that I’m downright amazed that the obvious errors in this book are being ignored by these administrators, and that they go on teaching what they know to be wrong. It’s as if the book is a profitable undertaking of some sort because there’s no other reason why they wouldn’t change to an accurate textbook, which would be a very simple thing to do. (The publisher who sells the books to the seminaries is the author’s brother.)
If letters from Criswell College and Zondervan to our viewers are to be believed (and in some cases they’re not), this textbook is in tremendously wide use coast-to-coast, and 250,000 copies are in print. Please understand that I don’t think this ministry can really win this battle. If college administrators are determined to teach wrong-headed Bible or just don’t care what they teach, then nothing we can do can change their minds.
On the other hand, if we publish the names of the colleges using this book, you’ll at least know which schools to avoid in terms of sending your youngsters or giving your support. If they suffer some sort of financial loss, seminaries do sit up and take notice.
This is not a Jewish/Gentile argument. Most Biblically-read Gentiles understand that Israel is at the heart of God’s plans, and that the entire Bible is about that nation and its adventures in taking the Messiah to the world. If anyone thinks Israel is irrelevant to Scripture or to Christianity, let them just tear out each page in their Bible that mentions that nation and see what they have left.
In the Jews for Jesus organization there are any number of Gentiles deeply conscious of their obligation to witness “to the Jew first” (Romans 1:16) and to support Israel. They wear T-shirts labeled “Gentiles for Jesus,” and are proud of their heritage in Israel and the fact that they are going there for a thousand years when the Kingdom comes. They know, along with Paul, that “God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew” (Romans 11:1, 2).
But other Gentile people take offense at things Jewish. Zondervan, the publisher of the textbook, sent a letter to one of our viewers characterizing me as some kind of nut who requires certain “shiboleths” in the text of their book. This Hebrew word is used to identify their complainer in a negative way. They might as well have said, “He’s nothing but a Jew, so just ignore him.”
Well, I’m a Christian, and I object to people teaching a perverted Christian gospel. As II John 9 and 10 says, “Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ, hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath both the Father and the Son. If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed.” When people say that our Lord discovered that He had made a mistake in coming to His own people, and instead changed His ministry and went to Gentile people, then that is a perverted gospel and that’s all there is to that.
I’m afraid the end of all this will be that only a few seminaries will look critically at what they’ve been teaching and replace the textbook and get back on the straight path. Most others will ignore our complaints and go on preparing Replacement Theologians to pastor our Bible churches and work in ministries. What I would say is that we need to get our Bible teaching from ministries that are created to do just that. Bible Study Fellowship and Precepts are two ministries I can very much recommend.
I know any number of their students, and I know that both teach a virtually error-free Bible study. They use the Scripture itself as their textbook, and they certainly aren’t in it for the money. Of course, I can also recommend the churches that are teaching accurate Scripture, although there you have to pick and choose. Unfortunately there are many churches who have fallen into anti-Israel and Replacement Theology doctrines, and I’m not surprised, since Gundry’s books have been in use for nearly thirty years.
Our own ministry offers Bible teaching as accurate as I can possibly make it with the advice of several consulting theologians, and I will give you chapter and verse for any position I take in my writings or on television. We are not perfect, but we are not in it for the money either. Our desire is to teach the Scriptures as accurately as possible.
It occurred to me that those who believe the Church has replaced Israel, and who avoid contact with the Jews, have certain things in common. I conceived a set of beliefs that they all might hold, and I call it “The Apostate’s Creed”:
- I do not particularly like Israel or the Jews, and I believe God feels the same way.
- I go to a church that believes the Gentiles replaced the Jews as God’s Chosen People.
- I do not read the Bible. I do not want to be confused by Scripture.
A Note From Zola
There’s quite a bit going on with this ministry to tell you about in addition to our struggle with the various seminaries over the use of the bad textbook. Again, I apologize for taking so much space over that issue, but so many are being taught wrongly nationwide that someone has to speak up. Perhaps we will have some good results.
I just can’t resist submitting one analogous situation to the textbook problem. I recently changed dentists, and my new one cleaned my teeth with an ultra-sonic instrument that was much more comfortable than the old jabbing and picking with sharp tools. Then I happened to run into my former dentist, and I told him straightforwardly that my teeth were cleaner, the procedure took half the time, I went half as often, and I wondered why he didn’t change to this new technology. His answer was much the same as the seminaries’ when we cite them about this textbook. “Do you know how long we’ve been using the old method?” And also, “Patient perception is not reliable.” Those two answers are equal to the seminaries saying, “Do you know how long we’ve been using this textbook?” and “Bible teachers’ perceptions are not reliable.”
But back to our ministry events. We prepared eight programs on love stories in the Bible when we were in Israel. That was really fun. We went from the “Garden of Eden” (a verdant hillside with flocks of sheep and goats) to the grandeur of the Mount of Olives, with its one-of-a-kind vista of Jerusalem in the background. The programs really are very interesting and inspiring, and I thoroughly enjoyed making them. We’ll start that series in September, and I know you will enjoy it.
As usual, I want to remind you that this pre-production moment is the most expensive in a television ministry. We have paid our location expenses, which are frankly enormous since Israel happens to be so far from here. And now we have the lab expenses for editing the videotape. With network television, programmers make sure to sell the commercial spots in the show so that the budget is covered. With our kind of television, we have to wait until you have seen the program and responded with a donation before we even begin to cover the budget. Therefore I must ask those of you with a heart for what we are doing to give at this time, rather than when this series is already running. One suggestion I make each year is that if you are going to make a significant donation at year’s end, it would really be better to make it now. You may even deduct the small difference in tax savings, and you’ll come out exactly the same and help us when we really need the help. Thanks for being guided by the Lord in this. Whatever He leads you to do will certainly be sufficient for us.
We will celebrate Israel’s 50th Golden Anniversary this September! Though she is over 4,000 years old, Israel doesn’t look a day over 50! You will be amazed at how modern structures exist side-by-side with archaeological sites dating back thousands of years. Our Grand Tour is September 11 – 26 and will include a visit to Mt. Nebo and the ancient rose-red Nabataean city of Petra, as well as two luxurious nights in the resort city of Eilat on the north shore of the Red Sea. Our Deluxe Israel Tour will be September 15 – 26, and begins with an ascent to Jerusalem, the Holy City of God! We will visit the length and breadth of the Holy Land, from the stark desert region of Qumran and the Dead Sea in the south, to the lush green hillsides of the Gaililee in the north. There’s just time for you to call in and jump on, if the Lord calls you to go. For a free tour folder, call 1-800-WONDERS (966-3377) or drop us a note.
Our December Tour, December 12–22/27, is virtually a duplicate of our Fall Tour, but offers a visit to the Shepherd’s Fields around Bethlehem, where our Lord was born, for your Christmas Eve celebration. The extended tour group will enjoy a Christmas party on December 25 before we return to the States.
Now we’ve taken into consideration a suggestion we have received on tour after tour, and that is that our pilgrims have more time for quiet Bible study. I am always glad to speak to our groups, but the fact is that when we are in Israel, surrounded by holy sites, it is frankly difficult to have long, leisurely sit-down sessions. One is always torn between studying the Word, and going outside and actually looking at it. What we’ve decided to do about that is to go where we have loads of time, beautiful surroundings, and we don’t have to spend too much money. So we will undertake a Caribbean Cruise for a long weekend in February, just when winter has about got you down. The Bahamas, Nassau, etc., are beautiful the year ‘round, and we will have plenty of time to open the Word on such a pleasant excursion. There will also be time to work on a winter suntan, interesting island trips, etc. The cruise starts when you leave your home on Friday morning, February 5, and you’ll be back on Monday evening, February 8. Prices are nominal, depending on the style of cabin and how far you live from Miami. Please call our office for a brochure.
Please know that this ministry will stay on the job making television programs, visiting the Holy Land, and, when necessary, policing the churches and the seminaries for bad teaching. We are always conscious of the fact that this is your ministry, supported by your prayers and your financial gifts, and we want to do your will in these matters. We read every letter, and we take them seriously. If you have any suggestions, please don’t hesitate to write, and know that we will be sensitive to what the majority of our viewers prefer.
Thanks again for all your help.
Letters to Zola
(Note: If those writing to this ministry tell us that they do not want their letters published, we will abide by their wishes.)
It’s hard to blame Rabbi Ofseyer (or any other non-Messianic Jew) for their anger and resentment towards Christianity when you consider the mess organized religion has made of our Lord’s commandment(s). A faith to provoke the Jews to jealousy is laughable. Personally, I’m jealous of the Jews. They are more family-minded, more community-minded, they have better study habits, and they have been under the force of God’s Laws for thousands of years before religion became organized.
There is much to learn from God’s People if we can win them over through some of this debate. It’s almost funny how Jewish leadership was the intention of our Lord from the start of His Ministry. In my personal opinion, there is so little that we get from organized religion and even less from organized religion on television. Zola, your ministry (in spite of it being on television) does an excellent job bringing people to their Jewish roots. David Stern, who gave us, among other things, the Messianic Jewish Manifesto and The Jewish New Testament, has made me feel like I’m getting somewhere with the study of the New Testament when I read his Commentary with it. From the Ariel Ministries, lead by Arnold Fruchtenbaum, you can find another outstanding teaching ministry. If you want a little fire and brimstone with a Pentecostal flavor, Michael Brown has several good books and tapes. If you want to explore a little, there is ample material by Jewish men who range from Rabbi to Professor.
We need more Jewish leadership in the Church. To Rabbi Ofseyer, I say it’s time to move past anger and resentment and consider the prophecies of the Old Testament against the historical evidence of the New Testament because we need “more” Jewish leadership. Once people are properly taught and brought to Christ (Ha Mashiach), we can get on with the business of taking care of each other and forget the pomp and show.
Dear Zola Levitt:
I just had to sit down and type a response to your letter to Rabbi Ofseyer, who wrote about Jews for Jesus! As a Jewish believer, my mind always sorta short circuits when I hear that sort of reasoning, and am left wordless and frustrated. I am so very impressed by your “imagine He was Messiah” tactic. That is priceless! Can’t tell you how much I enjoyed your answer, and how well I think you did it. Wonderful!
I have an identical twin sister who is yet to be saved, and believe me, I have tried every tactic known to woman in the last 22 years! Just doesn’t work, does it? It is hard to believe it is so easy to stay blind in the midst of such a barrage, but she has managed to! But your point about a Jew’s turning away from Scripture is perfect, as is your point regarding how they can do anything BUT accept Jesus and still be Jewish! It is astounding how Satan manages to blind their eyes. (More amazing how He opened mine!)
I just wanted to say Hallelujah and Amen to your answer. Wish I had your sense of humor and intelligence. Great job. I will continue to pray for your ministry, though I seldom get to hear or see you on TV. I am duly impressed! Thank you so very much for what you are doing!
Dear Zola Levitt:
In my estimation, there is no way that anyone could have answered Rabbi Jordan S. Ofseyer’s accusations (that were recently printed in the Dallas Morning News) more beautifully, or more accurately, than you did.
In examining your response to his blatant condemnations of the Jews for Jesus, it is very easy to see, or rather to sense, the difference in the spirit in which each article was written. In the Rabbi’s article, I was able to sense the spirit of confusion and bitterness, whereas in your article there was that overpowering sense of fatherly love and correction. I feel as you do that the Rabbi is a child of God, the same as you and I are. We were created by the same God of Love, and as a family with the same Father, we should love each other as we have been instructed to do in God’s Word. We should help one another, even if we are forced to use the rod of correction, as you were doing in reply to the Rabbi.
I sense a love for the Rabbi, which I could not have felt 26 years ago, that only God could put there. I had planned to kill myself that night, at 3 a.m. April 7, ‘72. With my gun in hand I told the Lord that “I HAD ENOUGH OF THIS LIFE!,” but after further words had passed between us, He convinced me that the hell in my life could be only solved by His Presence in my life. I accepted Him that moment as I gave myself to Him body, soul and spirit. I was born again that night, and I haven’t been the same since. What a joy and what peace has been mine these past 26 years. My old self and my old habits are gone forever. What the Rabbi needs is the Presence of the Holy Spirit which I received that night, and like Apostle Paul did on the way to Damascus. Then he would write, think, speak, feel and live in the love of the Lord, instead of living with the spirit of heaviness, as it appears that he has at this time.
We all need to pray for him and other rabbis who are denying Jesus as their Messiah, which endangers their Eternal Destiny. I would hate to have that burden of unbelief upon me, like I used to have. That was a burden I am happy that Jesus took from me, when He set me free. Praise God for the blood of Jesus that washed away my sins!
I love the work God has brought you into. Keep it up! I’m not a Jew, but I wouldn’t mind being one if that had been God’s plan for me. However, I am grateful for just being a servant of the King and a child of His, at my age of 82.
In Christian Love, I remain,
Recently you have called my attention to the disgraceful textbook situation in Dallas at two very conservative Baptist type schools, in the very town where you are headquartered, and where your own son is a student.
You have shown more than one TV show about this problem, and followed up in your newsletter.
Your as usual excellent reporting, for which many of us thank you, has had an unintended effect on some of us, perhaps a lot of us. You have left us with two main feelings:
- Hopelessness, that nothing really can be done about this unacceptable textbook, beyond perhaps writing a few complaints to the schools and the publisher.
- And some horrified and despairing feelings about the general state of conservative Baptist type Christianity in that very bastion of such belief — Dallas, compounded by the fact that you yourself live there and have sent your son to these schools. Also at the publisher, and the many schools that must also be using the textbook. Your own response to this situation has been more than appropriate, and very restrained. The conduct of the school officials has been totally reprehensible and unworthy of anyone’s trust.
Please do NOT leave this situation as is.
Have you thought of discussing this situation with someone who really might be able to DO SOMETHING about it, or at least put it in perspective with better analysis. For example, you often interview Dr. Walvoord, a Dallas institution. Why not talk it over with him, or someone similar in a position of great spiritual/moral authority? Or could it be that these such persons actually approve of the textbook???
Again, please do something more to help get rid of this lingering impression of hopelessness and betrayal by those publishing and using such a textbook.
Warmest best wishes,
Dear Dr. D.J.N.,
Thanks for your encouragement. Please know that we are taking steps to contact high-ranking officials in control of these colleges.
Excerpts from seminary letters:
We may have to agree to disagree over this issue. We have not seen that this textbook has ever engendered an anti-Semitic sentiment in any student. However, our friendly (I hope!) disagreement may be moot since those who teach New Testament Survey were already considering a textbook change. This change is being considered NOT because of problems with Gundry’s text…
I have certain convictions and theological positions that I have reached after more than fifty years of studying the Scriptures. I hold these convictions and positions because I am convinced that they accurately reflect the truths that I find in Scripture. Yet I always need to remember that great and good men who are serious students of God’s Word and who are as sincere as I am sometimes disagree with me. I could wish that I had a corner on all truth, but in all honesty I must confess that I do not. I think it is spiritually healthy for all of us to acknowledge this.
We are very grateful to you for pointing out the shortcomings in the Gundry textbook. Frankly, with all that goes on in a seminary these days, we just didn’t realize its errors. We will discontinue using that textbook immediately. Sometimes a brother sensitive to such issues as Replacement Theology and anti-Semitism is necessary to keep us as a “watchman on the wall.” Thanks for your ministry.
The first excerpt above is from Southeastern College in Lakeland, FL. They claim to find no fault whatsoever with the textbook. The second paragraph from Dallas Baptist University is somewhat less sure. And the third one … well, I wrote it myself. It is my prayer that somewhere, somehow, someday I will discover a fellow Bible teacher with this kind of humility. It is difficult for us to find out which seminaries are using this textbook. It would be a great service to us if you, our viewers, would telephone seminary bookstores and ask if Robert H. Gundry’s A Survey of the New Testament, third edition, is in use at that school. Thanks for helping.
Here are the addresses of the publisher and the colleges where the book is in use.
- Zondervan Publishing House
5300 Patterson Ave. S.E.
Grand Rapids, MI 49530
- Criswell College
4010 Gaston Avenue
Dallas, TX 75246-1537
- Dallas Baptist University
3000 Mountain Creek Pkwy
Dallas, TX 75211-9299
- Southeastern College
1000 Longfellow Blvd
Lakeland, FL 33801-6099
The Feeding of the 4,000 — Were They Gentiles?, Part II
By Thomas S. McCall, Th.D
In our previous article, we explored the question of whether the Lord massively violated His announced rule of ministering only to Israel in His pre-death ministry, by going deep into the Decapolis area and feeding 4,000 Gentiles, as some revisionist commentaries suggest. We discovered that the terms used about Jesus going to the “border” of Decapolis will not allow for the idea of His going deep into the Decapolis region. In this article, we continue to explore this question. Did Jesus ever venture into Decapolis? If so, how far, and with what results? Also, what evidence, if any, is there in the Books of Acts that the Apostles were aware of any extensive Gentile ministry by the Lord before His death and resurrection? I believe the Scriptures answer these questions conclusively.
Did Jesus Ever Go to the Decapolis? Did Jesus ever venture into the Decapolis? Perhaps one time He came close, but we have no indication He ever ministered there to any great extent. There was one time when He may have stepped on the border of Decapolis near the Sea of Galilee, which was the hill just north of Gerasa (currently called Kursi). It is a hill that practically runs into the lake, and made a natural boundary between Decapolis on the south, and the Tetrarchy of Phillip on the north. Gerasa was in Decapolis. If one visits the Sea of Galilee, the location of Gerasa (Kursi) is clear. It sits in a valley made by a river that goes between the border hill on the north and the hills of the Golan Heights on the south.
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, II, p. 1217, explains the unique characteristics of Gerasa: “The town itself is not named in Scripture, and is referred to only in the expression, ‘country of the Gerasenes’… This describes the district in which Christ met and healed the demoniac from the tombs, where also took place the destruction of the swine. It was on the eastern shore of the Sea of Galilee, and must have been a locality where the steep edges of the Bashan plateau drop close upon the brink of the lake. This condition is fulfilled only by the district immediately South of Wady Semak… Here the slopes descend swiftly almost into the sea, and animals, once started on the downward run, could not avoid plunging into the depths.”
The occasion of our Lord’s going to the hill bordering on Decapolis was when He healed the demoniac by casting out the demons and sending them into the pigs on the hill. Mark and Luke present essentially the same story: “And they came over unto the other side of the sea, into the country of the Gadarenes. And when he was come out of the ship, immediately there met him out of the tombs a man with an unclean spirit” (Mark 5:1,2).
Matthew tells the same story, but includes the fact that there were two demoniacs: “And when he was come to the other side into the country of the Gergesenes, there met him two possessed with devils, coming out of the tombs, exceeding fierce, so that no man might pass by that way” (Matthew 8:28). Mark and Luke may not have mentioned the second one because the first was the one who asked to come with the Lord and then proceeded to testify of what the Lord had done for him among his own people.
These pigs were owned by the Gentile farmers of Gerasa (Kursi), and the demon-possessed pigs promptly ran down the hill into the Sea of Galilee and drowned. By the way, this is the only hill around the Sea of Galilee that juts right out to the shore, where this kind of event could occur. When the citizens of Gerasa heard what had happened, they came up the hill to ask Christ to leave — immediately. This was no outpouring of acceptance of the Lord by the Gentile inhabitants. These Gentiles of Decapolis thought Jesus was a menace to their way of life, and they wanted to be rid of Him. Thus, the only time Christ ventured toward Decapolis, it resulted in His being rejected by the Gentile inhabitants. It appears that He never had any contact with Decapolis again.
Was Peter Aware of a Broad Gentile Ministry by Jesus? Not only does the wording in the Gospels preclude the idea that Jesus had a broad ministry in Decapolis, the later acts and arguments of the Apostles show that they had no background whatever for anything like a broad ministry among the Gentiles. Peter was astonished when the Centurion Cornelius of Caesarea received the Lord and was baptized by the Holy Spirit into the body of Christ. The other Apostles at the Jerusalem Conference were similarly astonished at the way Gentiles were receiving the same blessing Jews were receiving through faith in the Messiah. They had to have a specially convened meeting to determine if the Scriptures allowed for this kind of activity among the Gentiles.
If Jesus had already had a broad ministry among Gentiles in Decapolis and other areas, why were the Apostles surprised by what happened in Acts? Why didn’t Peter remember the 4,000 Decapolis Gentiles Jesus ministered to and fed, if that is what really happened? Why didn’t Peter use this event as an argument at the Jerusalem Conference when the question of Gentile salvation was raised? If the Lord Himself had ministered broadly among the Gentiles in Decapolis, this would have been a powerful argument when Peter explained to the other Apostles about his own ministry with Cornelius, and when Paul was urging the full acceptance of Gentile Christians at the Jerusalem Conference. The fact is, Peter never saw the Lord minister to masses of Gentile, in Decapolis or anywhere else.
Actually, when a group of Greek Gentiles came to see Jesus, He declined to give them an audience, saying that He had to die before He could have a fruitful ministry among the Gentiles (see paragraph headings and notes in the New Scofield Reference Edition, John 12:20ff): “Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit” (John 12:24). Thus, until His death and resurrection, He restricted His ministry to His own Jewish people.
Some revisionist commentators have an agenda to show that Jesus had a massive outreach among Gentiles in His earthly ministry. If they can establish this, it will help them demolish the dispensational distinctives that exist before and after the death, burial and resurrection of our Lord. Their purpose is to show that Church Age concepts and the broad inclusion of Gentiles was something already instituted in the ministry of Christ before the cross. They also want to show that Jesus actually preferred ministry among the Gentiles in contrast with the difficulties He was having among the Jewish people. There is an undercurrent of anti-Jewish attitude in all of these commentaries and revisionist textbooks.
The only possible place these revisionists have to get large numbers of Gentiles into the ministry of the Lord is in this episode of the feeding of the 4,000. By twisting the wording around, they attempt to show that Jesus went into the heart of the Gentile region of Decapolis, preached to and healed large numbers of pagans, and concluded His ministry there with the miraculous feeding.
The text of the New Testament simply does not support those views. Jesus repeatedly said that His ministry before His sacrificial death was limited to the people of Israel. Whenever there was an individual exception to this general rule, it was clearly and unequivocally stated. On the unusual occasion when the Lord went to the east side of the Sea of Galilee, the Scriptures indicate He came only to the borders of Decapolis, not into the heart of the Gentile area. The people He ministered to there were Jews in the predominantly Jewish area of the Tetrarchy of Phillip north of the boundary with Decapolis.
The location of the feeding of the 4,000 was probably somewhat south of the location of the earlier feeding of the 5,000. Both were in the Tetrarchy of Phillip near the Sea of Galilee and were miracles designed to show Israel that Jesus, the Messiah, was able to provide food miraculously for His people, much as Moses, by the power of God, was able to provide miraculous manna for the nation in the wilderness. They fit well into the Messianic program of our Lord in His presentation of the Kingdom to Israel. The concept of the Lord having a broad ministry among Gentiles could not be accomplished until His death and resurrection, and the beginning of the Church Age in the Book of Acts. When this extension of outreach beyond Israel did occur, the apostles were surprised, and had to be educated through miracles and Scriptural interpretation that the Lord had instituted a new program in the Church Age that included Gentiles.
Zola’s Travel and Speaking Itinerary
- October 13 – 14
- Speaking at Midnight Call Ministries
Atlantic Coast Prophecy Conference
Call 800-845-2420 for information.
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